Pennsylvania

VOL1 ISS1 2015

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12 P E N N S Y L V A N I A E C O N O M I C Q U A R T E R L Y he abundance of shale gas in Pennsylvania is reducing energy costs across the state and lending a hand to the already robust manufacturing sector. As the country's second-largest producer of natural gas, the state is utilizing the resource in the best way it knows — advancing the foundation of its economy. Over the past seven years of the Marcellus development, direct employment in the natural gas industry increased by 23,478. Pennsylvania is the 10th-largest chemical producing state and in 2014, the state's Marcellus Shale yielded a record-breaking 4 trillion cubic feet — 16 percent of annual US consumption. "Geologists have known for decades that the gas was down there, but no one knew how to economically extract it," says William Hall, director of the Shale Gas Innovation and Commercialization Center at Ben Franklin Technology Partners. "But innovators and researchers kept developing the science and engineering of both exploration and extraction techniques." Eventually, scientists and researchers improved both the hydraulic fracturing technique and horizontal drilling technique that allowed the drill to slowly turn Shale gas sparks an energy renaissance for Pennsylvania's manufacturing companies. T K E Y I N G I N O N E N E R G Y An aviation seat made with KYDEX® thermoplastic. Image courtesy of SEKISUI SPI by C RYS TA L MEDL ER

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